New American Standard Bible

Back to Reader

1 Kings

20

:

1

Now Ben-hadad king of Aram gathered all his army, and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots. And he went up and besieged Samaria and fought against it.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
Now Ben-hadad "son of Hadad," the name of several Aramean (Syrian) kings H1130 הֲדַ֣ד ha·dad
Analysis:
Read more about: Ben-hadad
king king H4428 מֶֽלֶךְ־ me·lech-
of Aram Syria and its inhab., also the names of a son of Shem, a grandson of Nahor, and an Isr. H758 אֲרָ֗ם a·ram
Analysis:
Read more about: Aram, Aram, Aram, Syria
gathered to gather, collect H6908 קָבַץ֙ ka·vatz
all the whole, all H3605 כָּל־ kol-
his army, strength, efficiency, wealth, army H2428    
and there [were] thirty-two thirty H7970 וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֨ים u·she·lo·shim
Analysis:

Two: Two divergent opinions

The classic example for the number "two" is found in Matthew chapter 26. There, Yeshua says to His disciples,

"You know that after two days comes the Passover, and the Son of Man will be given over for crucifixion."  Matthew 26:2

The phrase "after two days" is somewhat meaningless because after two days can mean three or more days. The period is unspecified. The reason for such ambiguous language is because the purpose of the number two in this passage is not solely numerical. This means that the text is not intending to provide the reader with some definite information concerning a time period. Rather, the purpose of the number two in this context is one of the numerological meanings of the number two.  Often the number two relates to two divergent opinions. In the aforementioned verse, the author wants to inform the reader that there are two very different understandings for this coming Passover. Yeshua wants to emphasize that He is going up to Jerusalem in order to die as the true Passover sacrifice. Even though Yeshua states this emphatically, the disciples did not receive this. In fact, the disciples did not perceive at all what was going to take place during Passover in regard to Yeshua. In other words, Yeshua and the disciples have two divergent opinions concerning the Passover.

This same principle is also found in the Hebrew Bible (Old Covenant). In the book of Amos one reads,

"Can two walk together without them having agreed" Amos 3:3

The word which was translated into English with the phrase "them having agreed" is נועדו. The root of this word is יעד, which relates to a specific destination. The word which precedes this word is בלתי and in this context the word implies a change to the condition. In other words, had there not been a change in the condition, then the two could not walk together, i.e. they could not have arrived at the common destination.

The concept of divergent or different is also seen in the book of Genesis. In speaking about the sun and moon one reads, "And God made two great lights…" (Genesis 1:16). Obviously the sun and moon are very different, as one is a source of light, while the latter just reflects light. Also in the book of Genesis, one encounters the account of the flood. Here Noah is commanded to bring onto the ark two sorts of each type of animal. In this passage, the two relates to two different (or divergent) kinds of the same sort, i.e. male and female. 

Likewise, two angels came to Sodom, demonstrating that the people of Sodom had a very different way of living from that of the Law of God. Once again, the reader should not assume that every occurrence of the number two in the Bible demands this interpretation. However, one will find in a great majority of Biblical passages, the reader will be assisted in arriving at the proper interpretation, when he considers this divergent quality for the number two. 

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

kings king H4428 מֶ֛לֶךְ me·lech
with him, and horses a horse H5483 וְס֣וּס ve·sus
and chariots. chariotry, chariot, millstone H7393 וָרָ֑כֶב va·ra·chev;
And he went to go up, ascend, climb H5927 וַיַּ֗עַל vai·ya·'al
up and besieged to confine, bind, besiege H6696 וַיָּ֙צַר֙ vai·ya·tzar
Samaria capital of N. kingdom of Isr. H8111 שֹׁ֣מְרֹ֔ון sho·me·ro·vn,
Analysis:
Read more about: Samaria
and fought to fight, do battle H3898 וַיִּלָּ֖חֶם vai·yil·la·chem
against it.      

Locations

Samaria

SAMARIA, CITY OFsa-ma'-ri-a, (shomeron; Samareia, Semeron, and other forms):(1) Shechem was the first capital of the Northern Kingdom (1 Kings 12:25). Jeroboam seems later to have removed the royal residence to Tirzah (1 Kings 14:17). After the brief reigns of Elah and Zimri came that of Omri, who reigned 6 years in Tirzah, then he purchased the hill of Sama... View Details

Syria

SYRIA (1)sir'-i-a (Suria (Matthew 4:24 Luke 2:2)):1. Name and Its Origin2. Other Designations3. Physical(1) The Maritime Plain(2) First MoUntain Belt(3) Second Mountain Belt(4) Great Central Valley(5) The Eastern Belt(6) Rivers(7) Nature of Soil(8) Flora(9) Fauna(10) Minerals(11) Central Position4. History(1) Canaanitic Semites(2) Sargon of Agade(3) Babyloni... View Details

People

Aram

Ram, an ancestor of Christ

Aram

Syria and its inhab., also the names of a son of Shem, a grandson of Nahor, and an Israelite

Ben

a Levite

Ben-hadad

|son of Hadad,| the name of several Aramean (Syrian) kings

Hadad

three Edomites

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
New American Standard Bible Now Ben-hadad king of Aram gathered all his army, and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots. And he went up and besieged Samaria and fought against it.
King James Bible Now Ben-hadad And Benhadad the king of Aram Syria gathered all his army, host together: and there were thirty-two thirty and two kings with him, and horses horses, and chariots. And chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria Samaria, and fought warred against it.
Interlinear Now Ben-hadad king of Aram gathered all his army, and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots. And he went up and besieged Samaria and fought against it.