New American Standard Bible

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Matthew

5

:

19

"Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Greek: Transliteration:
"Whoever usually rel. who, which, that, also demonstrative this, that RelPro-NMS H3739 ὃς os
then therefore, then, (and) so Conj H3767 οὖν oun
annuls to loose, to release, to dissolve V-ASA-3S H3089 λύσῃ lusē
one one Adj-AFS H1520 μίαν mian
Analysis:

One: God

Refers to HaShem (God), Who is One. This number can also refer to unity. The first place the number "one" occurs is in Genesis 1:5. There one reads, "And there was an evening and there was a morning— one day". Later on in this same book of Genesis, it is stated concerning the man and his wife, "And they became one flesh" (Genesis 2:24). It is very significant that in both of these examples there was a multiplicity for the subject. In the first example, the evening and the morning became one day and in the second example, it was Adam and Eve who became one flesh.

One of the most famous passages in the Torah concerning HaShem is Deuteronomy 6:4 which states, "Hear O Israel the Lord your God the Lord is One." The question that a person must ask himself is what is the connection between the use of the Hebrew word אחד "one" which identifies a multiplicity being one and the fact that the Lord God of Israel is One? The answer is that the Hebrew word אחד can relate to the concept for one as in "unification". There is another Hebrew word that would have been possible to be used if the author wanted to refer to an absolute oneness or singleness. This is the Hebrew word יחיד. In fact, there is a well-known prayer in Judaism which states, "אחד ואין יחיד כיחודו". This phrase should be translated as, "(God is) One and there is no singularity as His singularity." The idea that is being expressed in this prayer is that the Lord God of Israel is One; but not an absolute One; rather there is a uniqueness and a complexity to His Oneness.

The number one is frequently employed to express in the Scriptures one object, such as one man or one tabernacle. This usage would be the simple or common purpose that the number one or for that matter any number, would appear in a Biblical text. Often the appearance of a number does not contain any of the significance that Hebrew numerology might offer. Therefore, the reader must always consider when coming across a verse which contains a number, that the number only expresses an amount and no additional significance. 

Because the number one is often associated with God, there is a unique phenomenon in the Scriptures concerning this number. Sometimes the number one is employed to express a unique relationship that the object has to HaShem. For example,

"And it will be one day, it will be known to HaShem..." Zechariah 14:7

In the text above, Zechariah could have stated simply, "And it will be a day…" The fact that the prophet said "one day" is to convey that this day is uniquely related to God. Similarly, it is stated by the prophet Ezekiel in chapter 37, "one King", "one nation" and "one Shepherd" (see Ezekiel 37:22, 24). Each of these objects—King, nation and Shepherd—has a connection to HaShem. The King and Shepherd is Messiah Yeshua, the Son of God and the one nation is Israel, the people of God.

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

of the least least (in size, amount, dignity, etc.) Adj-NMS-S H1646 ἐλαχίστων elachistōn
of these this DPro-NMS H3778 οὗτος outos
commandments, an injunction, order, command N-GFP H1785 ἐντολῶν entolōn
and teaches to teach V-ASA-3S H1321 διδάξῃ didaxē
others a man, human, mankind N-AMP H444 ἀνθρώπους anthrōpous
[to do] the same, in this way, thus Adv H3779 οὕτως outōs
shall be called to call V-FIP-3S H2564 κληθήσεται klēthēsetai
least least (in size, amount, dignity, etc.) Adj-NMS-S H1646 ἐλάχιστος elachistos
in the kingdom kingdom, sovereignty, royal power N-DFS H932 βασιλείᾳ basileia
of heaven; heaven N-GMP H3772 οὐρανῶν ouranōn
but whoever usually rel. who, which, that, also demonstrative this, that RelPro-NMS H3739 ὃς os
keeps to make, do V-ASA-3S H4160 ποιήσῃ poiēsē
and teaches to teach V-ASA-3S H1321 διδάξη didaxē
[them], he shall be called to call V-FIP-3S H2564 κληθήσεται klēthēsetai
great great Adj-NMS H3173 μέγας megas
in the kingdom kingdom, sovereignty, royal power N-DFS H932 βασιλείᾳ basileia
of heaven. heaven N-GMP H3772 οὐρανῶν ouranōn

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
New American Standard Bible "Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
King James Bible "Whoever then annuls Whosoever therefore shall break one of the least of these least commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven; heaven: but whoever keeps whosoever shall do and teaches teach them, he the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
Berean Bible "Whoever Whoever then annuls shall break one of the least of these commandments, commandments and teaches shall teach others to do the same, shall he will be called least in the kingdom of heaven; the heavens; but whoever keeps shall keep and teaches shall teach them, he shall will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.the heavens.
Interlinear "Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.