New American Standard Bible

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2 Samuel

21

:

8

So the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, Armoni and Mephibosheth whom she had borne to Saul, and the five sons of Merab the daughter of Saul, whom she had borne to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
So the king king Noun H4428 הַמֶּ֡לֶךְ ham·me·lech
Analysis:
Read more about: So
took to take Verb H3947 וַיִּקַּ֣ח vai·yik·kach
the two two (a card. number) Noun H8147 נֵי nei
Analysis:

Two: Two divergent opinions

The classic example for the number "two" is found in Matthew chapter 26. There, Yeshua says to His disciples,

"You know that after two days comes the Passover, and the Son of Man will be given over for crucifixion."  Matthew 26:2

The phrase "after two days" is somewhat meaningless because after two days can mean three or more days. The period is unspecified. The reason for such ambiguous language is because the purpose of the number two in this passage is not solely numerical. This means that the text is not intending to provide the reader with some definite information concerning a time period. Rather, the purpose of the number two in this context is one of the numerological meanings of the number two.  Often the number two relates to two divergent opinions. In the aforementioned verse, the author wants to inform the reader that there are two very different understandings for this coming Passover. Yeshua wants to emphasize that He is going up to Jerusalem in order to die as the true Passover sacrifice. Even though Yeshua states this emphatically, the disciples did not receive this. In fact, the disciples did not perceive at all what was going to take place during Passover in regard to Yeshua. In other words, Yeshua and the disciples have two divergent opinions concerning the Passover.

This same principle is also found in the Hebrew Bible (Old Covenant). In the book of Amos one reads,

"Can two walk together without them having agreed" Amos 3:3

The word which was translated into English with the phrase "them having agreed" is נועדו. The root of this word is יעד, which relates to a specific destination. The word which precedes this word is בלתי and in this context the word implies a change to the condition. In other words, had there not been a change in the condition, then the two could not walk together, i.e. they could not have arrived at the common destination.

The concept of divergent or different is also seen in the book of Genesis. In speaking about the sun and moon one reads, "And God made two great lights…" (Genesis 1:16). Obviously the sun and moon are very different, as one is a source of light, while the latter just reflects light. Also in the book of Genesis, one encounters the account of the flood. Here Noah is commanded to bring onto the ark two sorts of each type of animal. In this passage, the two relates to two different (or divergent) kinds of the same sort, i.e. male and female. 

Likewise, two angels came to Sodom, demonstrating that the people of Sodom had a very different way of living from that of the Law of God. Once again, the reader should not assume that every occurrence of the number two in the Bible demands this interpretation. However, one will find in a great majority of Biblical passages, the reader will be assisted in arriving at the proper interpretation, when he considers this divergent quality for the number two. 

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016 

sons son Noun H1121 בְּנֵ֨י be·nei
of Rizpah concubine of Saul Noun H7532 רִצְפָּ֤ה ritz·pah
the daughter daughter Noun H1323 בַת־ vat-
of Aiah, "falcon," the name of a Horite, also of an Isr. Noun H345 אַיָּה֙ ai·yah
Armoni a son of Saul Noun H764 אַרְמֹנִ֖י ar·mo·ni
Analysis:
Read more about: Armoni
and Mephibosheth "dispeller of shame," another name for NH4807 Noun H4648 מְפִבֹ֑שֶׁת me·fi·vo·shet;
Analysis:
Read more about: Mephibosheth
whom who, which, that Particle H834 אֲשֶׁ֣ר a·sher
she had borne to bear, bring forth, beget Verb H3205 יָלְדָ֣ה ya·le·dah
to Saul, "asked (of Yah)," first king of Isr., also an Edomite and two Isr. Noun H7586 לְשָׁא֔וּל le·sha·'ul,
and the five five Noun H2568 חֲמֵ֗שֶׁת cha·me·shet
Analysis:

Five: Incompletion or lacking

For a person to understand the meaning of the number “five”, one must first realize that the meaning of the number ten is completion or wholeness. Since five is half of ten, the idea is that the number five represents incompletion or that which is lacking. A Scripture that expresses this idea is found in the book of John. At a place called Beit Chesed (Bethesda), there was a pool whose waters healed the sick. The reader is told that around the pool there were five porches. It is stated that on these five porches laid individuals who were not whole. Some were paralyzed and the rest of them had a variety of health problems. It is not a chance happening that these people who were lacking their health were on five porches. Another well-known passage that contains the number five is found in I Samuel 17. In the account of David and Goliath, David picks up five stones (see I Samuel 17:40). Why is the reader told the specific number and not simply that David had gathered a few stones? The answer is to assist the reader in understanding that the stone, which David hurled at Goliath, was not the source of victory. Rather, this was only the means that God used to accomplish His victory. In other words, the stone and even David, who hurled this stone at Goliath, were insufficient to bring about this victory.

One of the first places where the idea of "lacking" or "incompleteness" is seen regarding the number five is in the book of Genesis. In chapter 18, two angels are sent to Sodom to destroy the city. God tells Abraham that if 50 righteous people are found in the city, then the city will be free of this punishment (We will learn that the number 50 is related to freedom when this number is studied). This is revealed to Abraham and he responds saying, perhaps the city will lack 50 righteous people by five. It is significant that Abraham uses the number five when referring to the city lacking enough righteous people. 

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

sons son Noun H1121 בְּנֵי֙ be·nei
of Merab older daughter of Saul H4764    
Analysis:
Read more about: Merab
the daughter daughter Noun H1323 בַּת־ bat-
of Saul, "asked (of Yah)," first king of Isr., also an Edomite and two Isr. Noun H7586 שָׁא֔וּל sha·'ul,
whom who, which, that Particle H834 אֲשֶׁ֥ר a·sher
she had borne to bear, bring forth, beget Verb H3205 יָלְדָ֛ה ya·le·dah
to Adriel "my help is God," son-in-law of Saul Noun H5741 לְעַדְרִיאֵ֥ל le·'ad·ri·'el
Analysis:
Read more about: Adriel
the son son Noun H1121 בֶּן־ ben-
of Barzillai "man of iron," three Isr. Noun H1271 בַּרְזִלַּ֖י bar·zil·lai
Analysis:
Read more about: Barzillai
the Meholathite. inhab. of Abel-meholah Adjective H4259 הַמְּחֹלָתִֽי׃ ham·me·cho·la·ti.

People

Armoni

a son of Saul

Mephibosheth

|dispeller of shame|

Merab

older daughter of Saul

Adriel

|my help is God,| son-in-law of Saul

Barzillai

Barzillai [N] [H] [S] of iron.  A Meholathite, the father of Adriel ( 2 Samuel 21:8 ).    A Gileadite of Rogelim who was distinguished for his loyalty to David. He liberally provided for the king's followers ( 2 Samuel 17:27 ). David on his death-bed, remembering his kindness, commended Barzillai's children to the care of Solomon ( 1 Kings 2:7 ).  &n... View Details

Parallel Verses

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New American Standard Bible So the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, Armoni and Mephibosheth whom she had borne to Saul, and the five sons of Merab the daughter of Saul, whom she had borne to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite.
King James Bible So But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth whom she had borne to Saul, Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Merab Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she had borne to brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite.Meholathite:
Interlinear So the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, Armoni and Mephibosheth whom she had borne to Saul, and the five sons of Merab the daughter of Saul, whom she had borne to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite.