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2 Kings




In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah son of Remaliah became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.


Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
In the fifty-second fifty Noun H2572 חֲמִשִּׁ֤ים cha·mi·shim

Fifty: Freedom and liberty

When a person hears the number fifty, the first thing that should enter his mind is Jubilee, for every 50 years was the Jubilee year. In the book of Leviticus the following is read,

"And you shall sanctify the fiftieth year and you shall call (that year) a year of freedom in the Land for all the ones who dwell in it, it shall be a Jubilee for you…." Leviticus 25:10 

The key word in this verse is the Hebrew word, דרור, which means freedom. When one studies the nature of this word for freedom, he will understand the relationship between freedom and the will of God. In other words, the freedom that is provided by HaShem is so that the will of God can be realized in one's life. In connection with this understanding is another occurrence of the number 50.

The Torah speaks of three special festivals which every Jewish male, 20 years and older, must go up to Jerusalem to observe. These festivals are Unleavened Bread, Weeks, and Tabernacles. The Feast of Weeks derives its name from the fact that HaShem commanded the Children of Israel to count seven weeks and the next day would be the Holy Day. However, during this time, not only were the Children of Israel commanded to count seven weeks, but also 50 days. Hence, an additional name for the Festival of Weeks is Pentecost, or the festival of fifty. Although Judaism traditionally associates this festival with the giving of the Ten Commandments, it is only in the New Covenant that this festival is clearly connected to the giving of the Holy Spirit. It is important for the reader to comprehend that only when one is indwelt by the Holy Spirit can he truly turn away from the bondage of sin and be set free to obey the will of God.

Another example from the Scripture is found in the Gospels. Here, Yeshua fed the 5,000 (100 X 50). He had the 5,000 people sit down in groups of 50. Because of this, there is obviously an emphasis on the number 50. One of the theological points which this passage teaches is that when one acts in faith, he is not bound by the things of this world. - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

year a year Noun H8141 בִּשְׁנַ֨ת bish·nat
of Azariah "Yah has helped," the name of a number of Isr. Noun H5838 לַעֲזַרְיָ֖ה la·'a·zar·yah
king king Noun H4428 מֶ֣לֶךְ me·lech
of Judah, probably "praised," a son of Jacob, also his desc., the S. kingdom, also four Isr. Noun H3063 יְהוּדָ֑ה ye·hu·dah;
Read more about: Judah
Pekah "opening," a king of Isr. Noun H6492 פֶּ֣קַח pe·kach
son son Noun H1121 בֶּן־ ben-
of Remaliah father of King Pekah of Isr. Noun H7425 רְמַלְיָ֧הוּ re·mal·ya·hu
became king to be or become king or queen, to reign Verb H4427 מָ֠לַךְ ma·lach
over upon, above, over Prepostion H5921 עַל־ al-
Israel "God strives," another name of Jacob and his desc. Noun H3478 יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל yis·ra·'el
Read more about: Israel
in Samaria, capital of N. kingdom of Isr. Noun H8111 בְּשֹׁמְרֹ֖ון be·sho·me·ro·vn
Read more about: Samaria
[and reigned] twenty twenty Noun H6242 עֶשְׂרִ֥ים es·rim
years. a year Noun H8141 שָׁנָ֔ה sha·nah,



ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF" I. THE FIRST PERIOD1. The Two Kingdoms2. The Ist Dynasty3. The IInd Dynasty4. Civil WarII. PERIOD OF THE SYRIAN WARS1. The IIIrd Dynasty2. World-Politics3. Battle of Karkar4. Loss of Territory5. Reform of Religion6. Revolution7. The IVth Dynasty8. Renewed Prosperity9. AnarchyIII. DECLINE AND FALL1. Loss of Independence2. Decline3. Extinct... View Details


JUDAH, TERRITORY OF(yehudhah):I. GEOGRAPHICAL DATA1. The Natural Boundaries2. The Natural Divisions of Judah(1) The Maritime Plain(2) The Shephelah(3) The Hill Country of JudahII. THE TRIBE OF JUDAH AND ITS TERRITORYIII. THE BOUNDARIES OF THE KINGDOM OF JUDAHLITERATUREI. Geographical Data.Although the physical conformation of Western Palestine divides this l... View Details


SAMARIA, CITY OFsa-ma'-ri-a, (shomeron; Samareia, Semeron, and other forms):(1) Shechem was the first capital of the Northern Kingdom (1 Kings 12:25). Jeroboam seems later to have removed the royal residence to Tirzah (1 Kings 14:17). After the brief reigns of Elah and Zimri came that of Omri, who reigned 6 years in Tirzah, then he purchased the hill of Sama... View Details

Parallel Verses

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New American Standard Bible In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah son of Remaliah became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.
King James Bible In the fifty-second two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah became king began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.
Interlinear In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah son of Remaliah became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.