New American Standard Bible

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2 Kings

17

:

5

Then the king of Assyria invaded the whole land and went up to Samaria and besieged it three years.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
Then the king king Noun H4428 מֶֽלֶךְ־ me·lech-
of Assyria the second son of Shem, also the people of Asshur, also the land of Assyr. Noun H804 אַשּׁ֖וּר a·shur
Analysis:
Read more about: Assyria
invaded to go up, ascend, climb Verb H5927 וַיַּ֥עַל vai·ya·'al
the whole the whole, all Noun H3605 בְּכָל־ be·chol-
land earth, land Noun H776 הָאָ֑רֶץ ha·'a·retz;
and went to go up, ascend, climb Verb H5927 וַיַּ֙עַל֙ vai·ya·'al
up to Samaria capital of N. kingdom of Isr. Noun H8111 שֹׁמְרֹ֔ון sho·me·ro·vn,
Analysis:
Read more about: Samaria
and besieged to confine, bind, besiege Verb H6696 וַיָּ֥צַר vai·ya·tzar
it three a three, triad Noun H7969 שָׁלֹ֥שׁ sha·losh
Analysis:

Three: Purposes of God in: Testing, revealing, proving, documenting, victory and if applied to God, holiness

The number "three" is one of the most significant numbers in the Scriptures. Its primary purpose is for the sake of revealing or documenting something as fact (testing to validate something). It is also connected to the outcome of the will of God. One of the most famous occurrences for the number three is found in the book of Jonah, where Jonah is in the belly of the fish "three days and three nights."  A major aspect of the book of Jonah is that the prophet was fleeing from the presence of HaShem. Instead of Jonah going to Nineveh as God had commanded, the prophet desired not to obey this commandment, even if it meant that his relationship with God would be destroyed. HaShem decided to test to see if Jonah preferred to end his relationship with God rather than go to Nineveh. By placing Jonah in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights, it would be revealed whether it was true that Jonah wanted to end his relationship with God over this commandment to go to Nineveh. It is most significant that immediately after (in the next verse) the reader is informed that Jonah was in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights.  What does Jonah do? The text states that Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from within the fish. Hence, the three days and three nights ultimately revealed, proved, or documented that what Jonah said he wanted was not true. One could also say that Jonah was tested for those three days and three nights and the test results showed that he did not want to end his relationship with God and in the end Jonah went to Nineveh.

In a similar manner, Peter rejects Yeshua's statement that he will deny Him. Therefore, Yeshua says to Peter that he will deny Him three times. These three denials prove, document, and reveal to the reader that Yeshua's statement was factual. It is not a coincidence that when Yeshua reinstated Peter after the resurrection, He asked him three times, "do you love Me?” In this context, Yeshua was testing the validity of Peter's statement. 

Yeshua also revealed that He, in a similar manner to Jonah being in the belly of the fish three days and three nights, would be in the belly of the earth three days and three nights and then rise from the dead. In this passage, the number three not only documents the fact that He died, but also the resurrection. It is also very significant that Yeshua rose on the third day.

The number three also relates to victory, as in the completion of God's purposes and plans. In the book of Genesis, one reads about the offering of Isaac. This passage has great theological significance and is one of the first passages which is read in the morning synagogue service each day. This section begins with HaShem commanding Abraham to offer his son as a burnt offering on one of the mountains in the land of Moriah. The climax of this portion of Scripture comes about on the third day. It was on the third day that HaShem provided the ram so that Isaac would live. In this passage, Isaac represents the promise (of God) which would have died (ended) had not HaShem acted. There is not a conflict between the two concepts for the number three of victory (the fulfillment of God’s will) and revelation or documentation. Often, it is the climax of what HaShem wants to do, which is simply being revealed or proved with the use of the number three.

Please note that when the number three is applied to God, then it can relate to holiness; whereas the number seven relates to holiness when this number is about man (see explanation for the number seven).

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

years. a year Noun H8141 שָׁנִֽים׃ sha·nim.

Locations

Assyria

ASSYRIAa-sir'-i-a:I. GEOGRAPHYII. EARLY HISTORYIII. CLIMATE AND PRODUCTIONSIV. POPULATIONV. TRADE AND LAWVI. ARTVII. MECHANICSVIII. FURNITURE, POTTERY AND EMBROIDERYIX. LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND SCIENCEX. GOVERNMENT AND ARMYXI. RELIGIONXII. EXCAVATIONSXIII. CHRONOLOGYXIV. HISTORY1. Early Period2. The Older Empire3. The Second Empire4. Last Period and Fall of... View Details

Samaria

SAMARIA, CITY OFsa-ma'-ri-a, (shomeron; Samareia, Semeron, and other forms):(1) Shechem was the first capital of the Northern Kingdom (1 Kings 12:25). Jeroboam seems later to have removed the royal residence to Tirzah (1 Kings 14:17). After the brief reigns of Elah and Zimri came that of Omri, who reigned 6 years in Tirzah, then he purchased the hill of Sama... View Details

Parallel Verses

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New American Standard Bible Then the king of Assyria invaded the whole land and went up to Samaria and besieged it three years.
King James Bible Then the king of Assyria invaded came up throughout all the whole land land, and went up to Samaria Samaria, and besieged it three years.
Hebrew Greek English Then the king of Assyria invaded the whole land and went up to Samaria and besieged it three years.