New American Standard Bible

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2 Kings

18

:

9

Now in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
Now in the fourth fourth Adjective H7243 הָֽרְבִיעִית֙ ha·re·vi·'it
Analysis:

Four: The world, four is the global number

The number "four" has a global or relates to the world. There are some common and similar expressions in the Scripture, which are "the four winds of the heavens" or "the four corners of the earth" or "the four ends of the heavens."  Each of these expressions relate to the earth or the world in a collective manner. In the book of Daniel chapter 2, one reads about a dream which Nebuchadnezzar dreamed. In this dream, he saw an image set up and this image had four distinct parts. Each of these parts represented an empire which ruled over the world.

In the book of Deuteronomy chapter 22, Israel is told to make a four-corner garment and place a tzitzit upon each corner. The tzitzit represents the Biblical commandments of the Torah (see Numbers chapter 15). These commandments are understood as being a framework for life in this world, as when one dies, the tzitzit are removed from one's four corner garment for burial. 

In the books of Ezekiel and Revelation, one encounters the four beasts, which are in the heavens and never cease to praise HaShem. It is understood that the four beasts who continuously say, "Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord God of Hosts, Who was and is and is to come" (see Revelation 4:6-9) are related to the will of God for all the world (His creation). In a similar manner, one of the Seraphim called to another saying, "Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord of Hosts, all of the earth (shall be) with His Glory." 

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

year a year Noun H8141 בַּשָּׁנָ֤ה ba·sha·nah
of King king Noun H4428 לַמֶּ֣לֶךְ lam·me·lech
Hezekiah, "Yah has strengthened," a king of Judah, also several other Isr. Noun H2396 חִזְקִיָּ֔הוּ chiz·ki·ya·hu,
which he, she, it Pronoun H1931 הִ֚יא hi
was the seventh seventh (an ord. number) Adjective H7637 הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔ית ha·she·vi·'it,
Analysis:

Seven: Holiness, sanctification, purpose, and being set apart for a purpose (whether good or evil)

Christianity frequently teaches that the meaning of the number seven is completion. This is not correct. The number seven relates to "rest" and "holiness". The best example of this is the many places that the number seven is used in regard to the Shabbat (the Sabbath day). The primary idea of the Shabbat is rest and holiness. Please note that there is also an etymological connection between the concept of holiness and sanctification. In several passages of Scripture, one reads that HaShem has sanctified the seventh day or He has made it holy. In addition to this, work is forbidden on the Shabbat. In fact, both Biblically and traditionally, the Shabbat is seen as a day of rest. 
Finally, the number seven can relate to perfection. Obviously there is an association between holiness and perfection.

What is the Scriptural basis for those who teach that the number seven relates to completion? These scholars also refer to the Shabbat. In the book of Genesis, one reads, 

"The heavens and the earth were finished (completed) and all their hosts. And God completed on the seventh day His work which He did and He ceased on the seventh day from all His work which He did." Genesis 2:1-2

There certainly seems to be a Biblical basis for associating the number seven with completion. However, in the next verse it is stated,

"And God blessed the seventh day and He sanctified it (literally made it Holy) for in it, He ceased (rested) from all His work which God created to do." Genesis 2:3

Now we have two concepts related to seven, completion and holiness. When one examines the number seven in additional passages, the concept of holiness (sanctification) and perfection appear much more frequently. Before looking at a few such passages, let us refer to an additional verse that relates the number to completion. In Revelation 10:7, one reads that in the days of the seventh angel, the mystery of God should be finished (completed). The word which is translated finished or completed is the Greek word τελέω which has great theological significance. There are two well-known passages where this word appears. One is found in Romans chapter 10. Here the word in question is in the form of a noun. Although it is frequently translated as the "end", it is important for the reader to know that within this word there is the idea of "goal", "purpose", or "objective". The verse from Romans reads literally, 

"For an end of Torah (is) Messiah for righteousness, for everyone who believes.” Romans 10:4

It is significant that there is no definite article (the) prior to the word "end". If the proper interpretation is that Yeshua brings an end to the Law, then the verse should state, "For the end of the Torah is Messiah…." Most English translations insert the definite article which the Greek text does not have.  It is awkward to state, "an end". In actuality, Messiah did not bring an end to the Law; the Torah commandments continued to be practiced by the followers of Messiah (see Paul in Acts 21:20-24). The proper translation for this verse when understanding the fuller meaning of the word τελos is,

"For an objective of the Law is Messiah; for righteousness for everyone who believes."

The objective or purpose of the Law is not solely that people would turn to faith in Messiah. Naturally there are many purposes contained in the Torah. However, the Law reveals our unrighteousness and causes us to seek redemption by means of the Messiah. Although the Torah defines what is righteous (and unrighteous), it is only Yeshua Who can bring about righteousness in a person. Of course as the end of the verse states, Messiah only mediates righteousness for the one who believes.   
The other passage that contains the word τελέω is John 19:30. In this verse,Yeshua is on the tree and knowing all things have been accomplished, He said, "It is finished". The emphasis of this statement is not that His work of redemption is complete, although this is true. Rather, this work was done in a perfect manner. Holiness is also related to purpose. It is very important for the Biblical student to understand that Holiness is always related to a purpose. As was briefly mentioned earlier, there is a strong relationship between the terms holiness and sanctification. In fact, both in Greek and in Hebrew the word sanctification is derived from the word holy. Hence, when Yeshua cried out, "It is finished”, He is referring to the work that God the Father had set Him apart (sanctified Him) to do.

When considering another verse which has the number seven, the matter becomes clearer. Yeshua fed a multitude of 4,000 people from the seven loaves and few fishes. This is of course different from the feeding of the five thousand. After the multitude had eaten and were satisfied, the reader is told that seven full baskets were taken up.  What is the meaning of the number seven in this passage? First, the number 4,000 (the number four, a thousand times) relates to the world. In examining the passage, perhaps a case could be made for asserting that Yeshua had come for the whole (complete) world. However, when taking into account the context of this section, another interpretation seems to fit better. Yeshua, in the previous paragraph, had healed the lame, deaf, blind, and the maimed. The emphasis is not simply that He had made them whole, but these are said to have glorified the God of Israel. In other words, these who were incapable of worshiping God, were now able to do so. The point is that Yeshua did not come to simply minister to the entire (complete) world, but to make the world holy, that is to sanctify the world according to His purposes. Likewise, when in the book of Revelation the seven spirits are mentioned or the seven menorahs, the idea is not completion, but holiness and sanctification. 

When the number ten is studied, it will be demonstrated that the concept of completion is much better applied to this number, rather than seven.

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

year a year Noun H8141 הַשָּׁנָ֣ה ha·sha·nah
of Hoshea "salvation," the name of several Isr. Noun H1954 לְהֹושֵׁ֥עַ le·ho·v·she·a'
Analysis:
Read more about: Hoshea
son son Noun H1121 בֶּן־ ben-
of Elah "terebinth," an Isr. name, also an Edomite name Noun H425 אֵלָ֖ה e·lah
Analysis:
Read more about: Elah
king king Noun H4428 מֶ֣לֶךְ me·lech
of Israel, "God strives," another name of Jacob and his desc. Noun H3478 יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל yis·ra·'el;
Analysis:
Read more about: Israel
Shalmaneser a king of Assyr. Noun H8022 שַׁלְמַנְאֶ֧סֶר shal·man·'e·ser
Analysis:
Read more about: Shalmaneser
king king Noun H4428 מֶֽלֶךְ־ me·lech-
of Assyria the second son of Shem, also the people of Asshur, also the land of Assyr. Noun H804 אַשּׁ֛וּר a·shur
Analysis:
Read more about: Assyria
came to go up, ascend, climb Verb H5927 עָלָ֞ה a·lah
up against upon, above, over Prepostion H5921 עַל־ al-
Samaria capital of N. kingdom of Isr. Noun H8111 שֹׁמְרֹ֖ון sho·me·ro·vn
Analysis:
Read more about: Samaria
and besieged to confine, bind, besiege Verb H6696 וַיָּ֥צַר vai·ya·tzar
it.      

Locations

Assyria

ASSYRIAa-sir'-i-a:I. GEOGRAPHYII. EARLY HISTORYIII. CLIMATE AND PRODUCTIONSIV. POPULATIONV. TRADE AND LAWVI. ARTVII. MECHANICSVIII. FURNITURE, POTTERY AND EMBROIDERYIX. LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND SCIENCEX. GOVERNMENT AND ARMYXI. RELIGIONXII. EXCAVATIONSXIII. CHRONOLOGYXIV. HISTORY1. Early Period2. The Older Empire3. The Second Empire4. Last Period and Fall of... View Details

Israel

ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF" I. THE FIRST PERIOD1. The Two Kingdoms2. The Ist Dynasty3. The IInd Dynasty4. Civil WarII. PERIOD OF THE SYRIAN WARS1. The IIIrd Dynasty2. World-Politics3. Battle of Karkar4. Loss of Territory5. Reform of Religion6. Revolution7. The IVth Dynasty8. Renewed Prosperity9. AnarchyIII. DECLINE AND FALL1. Loss of Independence2. Decline3. Extinct... View Details

Samaria

SAMARIA, CITY OFsa-ma'-ri-a, (shomeron; Samareia, Semeron, and other forms):(1) Shechem was the first capital of the Northern Kingdom (1 Kings 12:25). Jeroboam seems later to have removed the royal residence to Tirzah (1 Kings 14:17). After the brief reigns of Elah and Zimri came that of Omri, who reigned 6 years in Tirzah, then he purchased the hill of Sama... View Details

People

Elah

|terebinth,| an Israelite name, also an Edomite name

elah

God, god

Hoshea

|salvation,| the name of several Israelites

Shalmaneser

a king of Assyr.

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
New American Standard Bible Now in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it.
King James Bible Now And it came to pass in the fourth year of King king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria Samaria, and besieged it.
Hebrew Greek English Now in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it.