New American Standard Bible

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Joshua

21

:

32

From the tribe of Naphtali, they gave Kedesh in Galilee, the city of refuge for the manslayer, with its pasture lands and Hammoth-dor with its pasture lands and Kartan with its pasture lands; three cities.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
From the tribe a staff, rod, shaft, branch, a tribe Noun H4294 וּמִמַּטֵּ֨ה u·mim·mat·teh
of Naphtali, a son of Jacob, also his desc. and the district settled by them Noun H5321 נַפְתָּלִ֜י naf·ta·li
Analysis:
Read more about: Naphtali
[they gave] Kedesh "sanctuary," the name of several places in Isr. Noun H6943 קֶ֨דֶשׁ ke·desh
Analysis:
Read more about: Kedesh
in Galilee, a cylinder, rod, circuit, district, also a district in Pal. Noun H1551 בַּגָּלִ֤יל bag·ga·lil
Analysis:
Read more about: Galilee
the city city, town Noun H5892 עִ֣יר ir
of refuge refuge, asylum Noun H4733 מִקְלַ֣ט mik·lat
for the manslayer, to murder, slay Verb H7523 הָֽרֹצֵ֗חַ ha·ro·tze·ach
with its pasture a common, common land, open land Noun H4054 מִגְרָשֶׁ֙הָ֙ mig·ra·she·ha
lands a common, common land, open land Noun H4054 מִגְרָשֶׁ֔הָ mig·ra·she·ha,
and Hammoth-dor a Levitical city in Naphtali Noun H2576 דֹּאר֙ dor
with its pasture lands a common, common land, open land Noun H4054 מִגְרָשֶׁ֑הָ mig·ra·she·ha;
and Kartan a city in Naphtali Noun H7178 קַרְתָּ֖ן kar·tan
with its pasture lands; a common, common land, open land Noun H4054    
three a three, triad Noun H7969 שָׁלֹֽשׁ׃ sha·losh.
Analysis:

Three: Purposes of God in: Testing, revealing, proving, documenting, victory and if applied to God, holiness

The number "three" is one of the most significant numbers in the Scriptures. Its primary purpose is for the sake of revealing or documenting something as fact (testing to validate something). It is also connected to the outcome of the will of God. One of the most famous occurrences for the number three is found in the book of Jonah, where Jonah is in the belly of the fish "three days and three nights."  A major aspect of the book of Jonah is that the prophet was fleeing from the presence of HaShem. Instead of Jonah going to Nineveh as God had commanded, the prophet desired not to obey this commandment, even if it meant that his relationship with God would be destroyed. HaShem decided to test to see if Jonah preferred to end his relationship with God rather than go to Nineveh. By placing Jonah in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights, it would be revealed whether it was true that Jonah wanted to end his relationship with God over this commandment to go to Nineveh. It is most significant that immediately after (in the next verse) the reader is informed that Jonah was in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights.  What does Jonah do? The text states that Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from within the fish. Hence, the three days and three nights ultimately revealed, proved, or documented that what Jonah said he wanted was not true. One could also say that Jonah was tested for those three days and three nights and the test results showed that he did not want to end his relationship with God and in the end Jonah went to Nineveh.

In a similar manner, Peter rejects Yeshua's statement that he will deny Him. Therefore, Yeshua says to Peter that he will deny Him three times. These three denials prove, document, and reveal to the reader that Yeshua's statement was factual. It is not a coincidence that when Yeshua reinstated Peter after the resurrection, He asked him three times, "do you love Me?” In this context, Yeshua was testing the validity of Peter's statement. 

Yeshua also revealed that He, in a similar manner to Jonah being in the belly of the fish three days and three nights, would be in the belly of the earth three days and three nights and then rise from the dead. In this passage, the number three not only documents the fact that He died, but also the resurrection. It is also very significant that Yeshua rose on the third day.

The number three also relates to victory, as in the completion of God's purposes and plans. In the book of Genesis, one reads about the offering of Isaac. This passage has great theological significance and is one of the first passages which is read in the morning synagogue service each day. This section begins with HaShem commanding Abraham to offer his son as a burnt offering on one of the mountains in the land of Moriah. The climax of this portion of Scripture comes about on the third day. It was on the third day that HaShem provided the ram so that Isaac would live. In this passage, Isaac represents the promise (of God) which would have died (ended) had not HaShem acted. There is not a conflict between the two concepts for the number three of victory (the fulfillment of God’s will) and revelation or documentation. Often, it is the climax of what HaShem wants to do, which is simply being revealed or proved with the use of the number three.

Please note that when the number three is applied to God, then it can relate to holiness; whereas the number seven relates to holiness when this number is about man (see explanation for the number seven).

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

cities. city, town Noun H5892 עָרִ֖ים a·rim

Locations

Galilee

GALILEEgal'-i-le (ha-galil, hagelilah, literally, "the circuit" or "district"; he Galilaia):1. Galilee of the Nations:Kedesh, the city of refuge, is described as lying in Galilee, in Mt. Naphtali (Joshua 20:7; compare Joshua 21:32). The name seems originally to have referred to the territory of Naphtali. Joshua's victorious campaign in the north (Joshua 11),... View Details

Kedesh

KEDESH (1)ke'-desh (qedhesh; Kades):(1) One of the "uttermost cities" of Judah "toward the border of Edom in the South" (Joshua 15:23). Possibly it is to be identified with KADESH-BARNEA (which see); otherwise it is strange that this latter should be omitted from the list. Dillmann would identify it with Kadus, to the South of Hebron, mentioned by Muqaddasi.... View Details

People

Naphtali

a son of Jacob, also his desc. and the district settled by them

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
New American Standard Bible From the tribe of Naphtali, they gave Kedesh in Galilee, the city of refuge for the manslayer, with its pasture lands and Hammoth-dor with its pasture lands and Kartan with its pasture lands; three cities.
King James Bible From And out of the tribe of Naphtali, they gave Kedesh in Galilee, the Galilee with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the manslayer, slayer; and Hammothdor with its pasture lands and Hammoth-dor with its pasture lands her suburbs, and Kartan with its pasture lands; her suburbs; three cities.
Interlinear From the tribe of Naphtali, they gave Kedesh in Galilee, the city of refuge for the manslayer, with its pasture lands and Hammoth-dor with its pasture lands and Kartan with its pasture lands; three cities.