King James Bible

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Exodus

14

:

20

And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
And it came abide Verb H935 וַיָּבֹ֞א vai·ya·vo
Analysis:
Read more about: So
between among Prepostion H996 בֵּ֣ין bein
between the camp army Noun H4264 מַחֲנֵ֣ה ma·cha·neh
of the Egyptians Egypt Noun H4714 מִצְרַ֗יִם mitz·ra·yim
Analysis:
Read more about: Egypt
and the camp army Noun H4264 מַחֲנֵ֣ה ma·cha·neh
of Israel Israel Noun H3478 יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל yis·ra·'el,
Analysis:
Read more about: Israel
and it was a cloud cloud Noun H6051 הֶֽעָנָן֙ he·'a·nan
and darkness dark Noun H2822 וְהַחֹ֔שֶׁךְ ve·ha·cho·shech,
[to them] but it gave light kindle Verb H215 וַיָּ֖אֶר vai·ya·'er
by night night Noun H3915 הַלָּ֑יְלָה hal·la·ye·lah;
the other he Pronoun H2088 זֶ֛ה zeh
[to these] so that the one came not near approach Verb H7126 קָרַ֥ב ka·rav
Analysis:

One: God

Refers to HaShem (God), Who is One. This number can also refer to unity. The first place the number "one" occurs is in Genesis 1:5. There one reads, "And there was an evening and there was a morning— one day". Later on in this same book of Genesis, it is stated concerning the man and his wife, "And they became one flesh" (Genesis 2:24). It is very significant that in both of these examples there was a multiplicity for the subject. In the first example, the evening and the morning became one day and in the second example, it was Adam and Eve who became one flesh.

One of the most famous passages in the Torah concerning HaShem is Deuteronomy 6:4 which states, "Hear O Israel the Lord your God the Lord is One." The question that a person must ask himself is what is the connection between the use of the Hebrew word אחד "one" which identifies a multiplicity being one and the fact that the Lord God of Israel is One? The answer is that the Hebrew word אחד can relate to the concept for one as in "unification". There is another Hebrew word that would have been possible to be used if the author wanted to refer to an absolute oneness or singleness. This is the Hebrew word יחיד. In fact, there is a well-known prayer in Judaism which states, "אחד ואין יחיד כיחודו". This phrase should be translated as, "(God is) One and there is no singularity as His singularity." The idea that is being expressed in this prayer is that the Lord God of Israel is One; but not an absolute One; rather there is a uniqueness and a complexity to His Oneness.

The number one is frequently employed to express in the Scriptures one object, such as one man or one tabernacle. This usage would be the simple or common purpose that the number one or for that matter any number, would appear in a Biblical text. Often the appearance of a number does not contain any of the significance that Hebrew numerology might offer. Therefore, the reader must always consider when coming across a verse which contains a number, that the number only expresses an amount and no additional significance. 

Because the number one is often associated with God, there is a unique phenomenon in the Scriptures concerning this number. Sometimes the number one is employed to express a unique relationship that the object has to HaShem. For example,

"And it will be one day, it will be known to HaShem..." Zechariah 14:7

In the text above, Zechariah could have stated simply, "And it will be a day…" The fact that the prophet said "one day" is to convey that this day is uniquely related to God. Similarly, it is stated by the prophet Ezekiel in chapter 37, "one King", "one nation" and "one Shepherd" (see Ezekiel 37:22, 24). Each of these objects—King, nation and Shepherd—has a connection to HaShem. The King and Shepherd is Messiah Yeshua, the Son of God and the one nation is Israel, the people of God.

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

the other he Pronoun H2088 זֶ֖ה zeh
all all manner Noun H3605 כָּל־ kol-
all the night night Noun H3915 הַלָּֽיְלָה׃ hal·la·ye·lah.

Locations

Israel

ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF" I. THE FIRST PERIOD1. The Two Kingdoms2. The Ist Dynasty3. The IInd Dynasty4. Civil WarII. PERIOD OF THE SYRIAN WARS1. The IIIrd Dynasty2. World-Politics3. Battle of Karkar4. Loss of Territory5. Reform of Religion6. Revolution7. The IVth Dynasty8. Renewed Prosperity9. AnarchyIII. DECLINE AND FALL1. Loss of Independence2. Decline3. Extinct... View Details

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
King James Bible And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.
New American Standard Bible And So it came between the camp of the Egyptians Egypt and the camp of Israel; and it there was a the cloud and darkness to them, but along with the darkness, yet it gave light by night to these: so that at night. Thus the one came did not come near the other all the night.
Hebrew Greek English And So it came between the camp of the Egyptians Egypt and the camp of Israel; and it there was a the cloud and darkness to them, but along with the darkness, yet it gave light by night to these: so that at night. Thus the one came did not come near the other all the night.