New American Standard Bible

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Matthew

4

:

21

Going on from there He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and He called them.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Greek: Transliteration:
Going to go forward V-APA-NMS H4260 προβὰς probas
on from there from there Adv H1564 ἐκεῖθεν ekeithen
He saw to see, perceive, attend to V-AIA-3S H3708    
two two Adj-AMP H1417 δύο duo
Analysis:

Two: Two divergent opinions

The classic example for the number "two" is found in Matthew chapter 26. There, Yeshua says to His disciples,

"You know that after two days comes the Passover, and the Son of Man will be given over for crucifixion."  Matthew 26:2

The phrase "after two days" is somewhat meaningless because after two days can mean three or more days. The period is unspecified. The reason for such ambiguous language is because the purpose of the number two in this passage is not solely numerical. This means that the text is not intending to provide the reader with some definite information concerning a time period. Rather, the purpose of the number two in this context is one of the numerological meanings of the number two.  Often the number two relates to two divergent opinions. In the aforementioned verse, the author wants to inform the reader that there are two very different understandings for this coming Passover. Yeshua wants to emphasize that He is going up to Jerusalem in order to die as the true Passover sacrifice. Even though Yeshua states this emphatically, the disciples did not receive this. In fact, the disciples did not perceive at all what was going to take place during Passover in regard to Yeshua. In other words, Yeshua and the disciples have two divergent opinions concerning the Passover.

This same principle is also found in the Hebrew Bible (Old Covenant). In the book of Amos one reads,

"Can two walk together without them having agreed" Amos 3:3

The word which was translated into English with the phrase "them having agreed" is נועדו. The root of this word is יעד, which relates to a specific destination. The word which precedes this word is בלתי and in this context the word implies a change to the condition. In other words, had there not been a change in the condition, then the two could not walk together, i.e. they could not have arrived at the common destination.

The concept of divergent or different is also seen in the book of Genesis. In speaking about the sun and moon one reads, "And God made two great lights…" (Genesis 1:16). Obviously the sun and moon are very different, as one is a source of light, while the latter just reflects light. Also in the book of Genesis, one encounters the account of the flood. Here Noah is commanded to bring onto the ark two sorts of each type of animal. In this passage, the two relates to two different (or divergent) kinds of the same sort, i.e. male and female. 

Likewise, two angels came to Sodom, demonstrating that the people of Sodom had a very different way of living from that of the Law of God. Once again, the reader should not assume that every occurrence of the number two in the Bible demands this interpretation. However, one will find in a great majority of Biblical passages, the reader will be assisted in arriving at the proper interpretation, when he considers this divergent quality for the number two. 

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016 

other other, another Adj-AMP H243 ἄλλους allous
brothers, a brother N-AMS H80 ἀδελφούϚ adelphous
James James, the name of several Isr. N-AMS H2385 Ἰάκωβον iakōbon
Analysis:
Read more about: James, James, James
the [son] of Zebedee, Zebedee, the father of the apostles James and John N-GMS H2199 Ζεβεδαίου zebedaiou
and John John, the name of several Isr. N-AMS H2491 Ἰωάννην iōannēn
Analysis:
Read more about: John
his brother, a brother N-AMS H80 ἀδελφὸν adelphon
in the boat a boat N-DNS H4143 πλοίῳ ploiō
with Zebedee Zebedee, the father of the apostles James and John N-GMS H2199 Ζεβεδαίου zebedaiou
their father, a father N-GMS H3962 πατρὸς patros
mending to complete, prepare V-PPA-AMP H2675 καταρτίζοντας katartizontas
their nets; a net N-ANP H1350 δίκτυα diktua
and He called to call V-AIA-3S H2564 ἐκάλεσεν ekalesen
them.      

People

John

John [N] [H] [S]   One who, with Annas and Caiaphas, sat in judgment on the apostles Peter and John (Act 4-6). He was of the kindred of the high priest; otherwise unknown.    The Hebrew name of Mark (q.v.). He is designated by this name in the acts of the Apostles ( Acts 12:12  Acts 12:25 ;  Acts 13:5  Acts 13:13 ;  15:37 ).    THE APO... View Details

James

James [N] [H] [S]   The son of Zebedee and Salome; an elder brother of John the apostle. He was one of the twelve. He was by trade a fisherman, in partnership with Peter ( Matthew 20:20 ;  27:56 ). With John and Peter he was present at the transfiguration ( Matthew 17:1 ;  Mark 9:2 ), at the raising of Jairus's daughter ( Mark 5:37-43 ), and in the garden with our... View Details

James

James [N] [H] [S]   The son of Zebedee and Salome; an elder brother of John the apostle. He was one of the twelve. He was by trade a fisherman, in partnership with Peter ( Matthew 20:20 ;  27:56 ). With John and Peter he was present at the transfiguration ( Matthew 17:1 ;  Mark 9:2 ), at the raising of Jairus's daughter ( Mark 5:37-43 ), and in the garden with our... View Details

James

James [N] [H] [S]   The son of Zebedee and Salome; an elder brother of John the apostle. He was one of the twelve. He was by trade a fisherman, in partnership with Peter ( Matthew 20:20 ;  27:56 ). With John and Peter he was present at the transfiguration ( Matthew 17:1 ;  Mark 9:2 ), at the raising of Jairus's daughter ( Mark 5:37-43 ), and in the garden with our... View Details

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
New American Standard Bible Going on from there He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and He called them.
King James Bible Going And going on from there He thence, he saw two other brothers, two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and He he called them.
Berean Bible Going And having gone on from there there, He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, Zebedee and John his brother, brother John, in the boat with Zebedee their father, father Zebedee, mending their nets; and nets. And He called them.them,
Hebrew Greek English Going on from there He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and He called them.